Tuesday, May 26, 2009

Hayekian, Reaganite or Texan?
Essay on the Arrogance of the Elite

"It is just mind-boggling how some people think that an M.A. or a Ph.D. is somehow a bestowal of omniscience. . . . So why is it that so many academics believe that their word is final when it comes to anything and everything under the sun? As an academic myself, I can answer that question with one word: arrogance."
-- Mike LaRoche, May 23, 2009

"The typical intellectual . . . need not possess special knowledge of anything in particular, nor need he even be particularly intelligent, to perform his role as intermediary in the spreading of ideas. What qualifies him for his job is the wide range of subjects on which he can readily talk and write, and a position or habits through which he becomes acquainted with new ideas sooner than those to whom he addresses himself."
-- Friedrich Hayek, 1949

When I use "intellectual" and "elite" as putdowns, it is a Hayek's conception of modern intellectuals as "secondhand dealers in ideas" that informs my disdain. The arrogance of their presumed omniscience, as Mike LaRoche says, is what renders them obnoxious.

Thomas Sowell (who far outranks me as a "top Hayekian public intellectual") describes the liberal worldview as The Vision of the Anointed, a book that every conservative ought to read, re-read, and continue re-reading until it is thoroughly understood, if not indeed memorized.

When speaking about liberal bias in the media, I sometimes explain to conservative audiences what should need no explaining: The media elite hate you.

They hate you with a thoroughgoing contempt you cannot begin to comprehend. They hate everything you believe in and everything you stand for, and until you understand why they hate you, no defense against their hatred is possible.

The reason the elite hate you is because of your failure to acknowledge their superiority. What the elite cherish, above all else, is prestige. By questioning the truth of the elite's belief, you deny their superiority and deprive them of prestige.

Have you ever wondered why evolutionists are so vehement in denouncing creationists? Among the elite, one cannot gain prestige by advocating biblical truth, creation ex nihilo as an expression of the transcendent soveignty of the Almighty.

If the Bible is true, then the elite are fools. To admit the possibility that "in the beginning was the Word," is to suggest that Richard Dawkins is the intellectual inferior of the holy roller shouting hallelujahs at the Pentacostal revival in the hollows of eastern Kentucky.

Your Christian faith therefore is an insult to the elite, an attack upon their precious prestige, an invitation to whatever evil word or deed the elite employ against you. Creationism is a threat to the elite in the same way that the Ukrainian kulak was a threat to the Soviet revolution, or as Albert Einstein's genius was a threat to Hitler's vision of Aryan supremacy.

As the Marxist would say, those analogies are no accident, comrade.

"[E]very scholar can probably name several instances from his field of men who have undeservedly achieved a popular reputation as great scientists solely because they hold what the intellectuals regard as 'progressive' political views; but I have yet to come across a single instance where such a scientific pseudo-reputation has been bestowed for political reason on a scholar of more conservative leanings."
-- Friedrich Hayek, 1949
For all that we are told about the need for conservatives to come up with "new ideas," it is amazing how little the situation has changed in the six decades since Hayek wrote "Socialism and the Intellectuals." Even the Nobel Prize (which Hayek won in 1974) has been tainted by being recently awarded to Al Gore and Paul Krugman.

The prestige enjoyed by Dawkins, Gore and Krugman is denied to Michael Behe, to Steven Hayward, to Thomas Sowell. To protect their status, the elite must deny prestige to their critics and it is this monopolization of prestige -- not the pursuit or dissemination of sturdy truth -- that eventually becomes the chief occupation as they seek to defend their supremacy against rivals.

You need not be an intellectual to understand this. Anyone who has ever worked in a dysfunctional office under an incompetent manager knows how this game is played. The manager has attained his position by deceiving his superiors into believing he is competent, and the object of the manager's manipulations is to prevent the discovery that he doesn't know how to do his job.

In this situation, the incompetent manager will:

  • Routinely take credit for the achievements of others;
  • Identify as enemies the most intelligent and competent of his underlings, since they are most aware of his ineptitude and most likely to benefit from his downfall;
  • Attempt by favoritism toward sycophants to create a Praetorian Guard to defend himself against criticism; and
  • Attribute all failures to scapegoats or circumstances beyond his control.
If you've ever been in the kind of toxic work environment where office politics is a bloodsport, then you understand how ambitious frauds can ascend to dominance, especially in environments where quantitative and qualitative measures of individual output are difficult to obtain.

This is one reason every bright, industrious student abhors the "group project" method that became vogue among progressive educators in the 1970s. Five students are assigned to the project, one or two do all the real work, sharing their grade with the slugs and dullards.

Students of Nicco Machiavelli, Antonio Gramsci or James Burnham equally understand how the organizational structure of institutions favor or disfavor various types of personalities and various means of advancement within those institutions.

Again, to borrow the Marxist's maxim, it is no accident that incompetent backstabbers flock toward careers in academia. Who is to say whether one professor of women's studies is superior to another? What are the criteria by which a dean chooses a new chairman for the sociology department? Now that Ph.D.'s in history, psychology and similar disciplines so vastly exceed the number of available tenure-track positions, the business of hiring and promoting in those fields has become notoriously arbitrary and politicized.

Academia is remote from the direct input of markets, and such is the prestige of elite institutions (e.g., the Ivy League schools) that the hiring process at Columbia or Yale can never affect the success and prosperity of those institutions unless -- as in the notable case of Lawrence Summers at Harvard -- they accidentally hire someone with the effrontery to criticize the elite's belief system.

Yet it is a mistake to suppose that this sort of elitism exists only in academia or that elitism is only a problem among liberals.

"This is the issue of this election: whether we believe in our capacity for self-government or whether we abandon the American revolution and confess that a little intellectual elite in a far-distant capitol can plan our lives for us better than we can plan them ourselves."
-- Ronald Reagan, 1964
As with Hayek, so with Reagan, one of Hayek's most successful admirers. Isn't it amazing how little things have changed? Truth is a sturdy thing and human nature is a constant factor in the equation, so that the elite always strive to impose their will, and the free man always struggles to resist.

If Reagan sneered at the elite, was he a "populist"? If he used "intellectual" as an epithet, did this make him "anti-intellectual"? No, he was merely expressing the Hayekian insight: Knowledge is so scattered among the population that, in the universe of facts, no one -- no professor, no pundit, no politician -- can ever have all the facts or claim such a superiority of knowledge that he qualifies to be an "expert" dictating the ordinary affairs of others.

That such arrogant presumptions of expertise are common among intellectuals is as obvious to me and Mike LaRoche as it was to Reagan and Hayek. And that those we might broadly descibe as the ruling class in Washington constitute an elite is self-evident. Reagan was therefore speaking of a real problem in American political life.

Having dealt with this intellectual elite in Washington for more than a decade, I know their habits and attitudes quite well. They habitually presume to know things they do not know, and react with hostility to anyone who questions their presumptions.

Ross Douthat, whose father is a successful attorney, grew up in New Haven, Conn., attended Hamden Hall Country Day School (tuition: $26K/yr.), graduated from Harvard University (tuition $32K/yr.), and married one of his Harvard classmates.

And the title of Douthat's most recent book? Grand New Party: How Republicans Can Win the Working Class and Save the American Dream.

Douthat might be competent to suggest how Republicans can win the alumni of Hamden Hall and save the Harvard dream, but his only qualification to speak for the working class is the ubiquitous arrogance of the intellectual elite.

"You look back in the earlier times, there were no opportunities, so there were no opportunists. . . . Later on, you have all these people who figure it's probably a pretty good political thing to do. And so they start talking about being conservative when they're running [for office], but they really aren't. So when they get to Congress or wherever they go, they're pretty easily dissuaded."
-- Al Regnery, The American Spectator
Douthat is the answer to a question that has long puzzled conservatives. When I abandoned the Democratic Party in the mid-1990s (hint: "From My Cold Dead Hands!"), one of the first things I discovered was that grassroots conservatives were perpetually peeved by the ineffectiveness of Republicans in Washington.

Living in northwest Georgia (Bob Barr's district 1995-2003) this grassroots discontent was palpable. After I moved to Washington, I'd sometimes see people roll their eyes at any mention of Barr, whom even most conservatives in D.C. considered a reckless firebrand. I'd always tell them, "Man, if you think Bob's an extremist, you ought to meet his constituents!"

The guy in charge of IT at the newspaper I worked for in Georgia was a federal licensed firearms dealer who used to tell me, "Hey, if you ever want to shoot a machine gun, just let me know." Another grassroots leader among Republicans, the wife of a county judge, was also the head of the local Eagle Forum and an activist for the John Birch Society.

Bob Barr never could have been elected without the support of people like that, and if you believe in representative government, then it was Bob's job to represent those people.

And that was my job, too. In 1997, I left Georgia to join the staff of the Washington Times, but not before all my conservative friends down home had thoroughly warned me not to forget where I came from. So it was that I came to Washington with a two-fold mission.

First, I would attempt to represent accurately the essential decency of the good folks I'd left behind -- hard-working, God-fearing, patriotic and self-sufficient. If there is one belief that the elite never doubt for a minute, it is that the average citizen of Floyd County, Georgia, is demonstrably inferior to the average citizen of Chicago, Boston or San Francisco.

Bullshit. Want to argue, Harvard boy?

My second mission in Washington was to discover why the Republican Party failed so miserably to advance the kind of agenda that grassroots conservatives believed they were voting for. It took me many years to understand this, and the answer is complex, but it is also as simple as two words: Ross Douthat.

Well, the liberals had their intellectual elite, you see, and so conservatives decided they needed to get them one, too. Given the natural assumption that the finest minds in America had all been scooped up by the elite schools, there soon developed an intellectual superstructure in Washington of think-tank wonks, policy analysts, political advisers and journalists who came from the same elite background, and had attended the same elite institutions, as the liberal elite.

OK, fine. Let us match Ph.D. to Ph.D., expert to expert, in a sort of intellectual equivalent of the Harvard-Yale game. But while the liberal elite were directly and constantly associating with the liberals whose beliefs it was their job to translate into policy, the conservative elite were generally isolated from the kind of people whose beliefs they were representing.

The Democrat in Brooklyn may resent the arrogance of the Columbia University graduate who specializes in urban policy for the Brookings Institute, but the Brookings specialist is not immersed in an environment where that Brooklyn Democrat is sneered at contemptuously, the way a policy wonk at the American Enterprise Institute sneers as the constituents of the typical Republican congressman.

Whatever their differences in terms of policy, the Brookings wonk and the AEI wonk share the elite belief that the typical Brooklyn Democrat is somehow superior to the typical Georgia Republican. And from that shared belief -- which I assure you is well-nigh universal among the intellectual elite in Washington -- emanates the great divide between the Republican elite in Washington and the rank-and-file of the GOP.

The Republican elite is ashamed of its constituents in a way that the Democratic elite is not. Therefore, Democrats fight ferociously for their agenda in a way that Republicans seldom do.

The Republican elite in Washington crave prestige, you see, and they cannot gain prestige by sticking up for the typical GOP voter in Tucson, Tulsa, Tampa or Tulllahoma. You cannot become one of The Republicans Who Really Matter by defending Ann Coulter or Rush Limbaugh. No one can impress his friends at a Georgetown cocktail party by saying nice things about Sarah Palin or Joe the Plumber. No one in the D.C. elite -- whether Republican or Democrat -- can ever advance his career by quoting Michelle Malkin or Mark Levin.

You see why not only do Republican elites fail to defend their own party's constituents, but they viciously attack anyone who attempts to represent the core beliefs of the conservative grassroots. Because if Michelle Malkin is a conservative, then David Brooks is not, and it is only his status as token "conservative" that assures Brooks of membership in the elite. If Brooks were just another liberal Democrat, after all, the New York Times already has plenty of those from which to choose.

So when you see some "conservative" sneering at Rush Limbaugh or mocking the Tea Party movement -- what you are witnessing is the effort of elitists to signal to their fellow elitists that they are in on the joke, that they don't take seriously the core values of grassroots types like Joe the Plumber.

"Even where the direction of policy is in the hands of men of affairs of different views, the execution of policy will in general be in the hands of intellectuals, and it is frequently the decision on the detail which determines the net effect. We find this illustrated in almost all fields of contemporary society. Newspapers in 'capitalist' ownership, universities presided over by 'reactionary' governing bodies, broadcasting systems owned by conservative governments, have all been known to influence public opinion in the direction of socialism, because this was the conviction of the personnel."
-- Friedrich Hayek, 1949
What Hayek says here can be applied equally, you see, to the Republican Party and the various institutions of the conservative movement. If the think-tank wonks, the congressional staffers and the writers for conservative journals believe in same-sex marriage, global warming or universal health care, efforts to employ those institutions on behalf of contrary opinions will not be as effective as if those efforts were conducted by personnel who actually shared the beliefs they were paid to advance.

The elite cadre of the GOP and the official conservative movement constitute a bureaucracy, and the critique of bureaucracy are equally valid. The beliefs of the Heritage Foundation bureaucrat are in many ways more important in the operations of that institution than the beliefs of Ed Feulner or Ed Meese. The enemy within the camp is always the most to be feared.

Why, after all, does John Cornyn not hesitate to urinate all over the Republican rank-and-file in Florida by endorsing Charlie Crist more than a year before the primary? Because no one at NRSC headquarters, nor any member of Cornyn's Senate staff, has any interest in the concerns of the conservative grassroots nor any incentive to represent those concerns.

Is David Brooks going to speak up for Marco Rubio? Will Kathleen Parker defend the rights of Florida Republicans to choose their own candidates? Do you expect Rod Dreher to tear himself away from the important work of defaming Mark Levin in order to tell his readers in Dallas what Cornyn has done?

"This is the arrogance of the intellectual elite, to imagine that their particular specialty -- the expression of abstract ideals via the written word -- is the only ability that matters, qualifying them as experts on anything and everything they choose to write about."
-- Robert Stacy McCain, May 22, 2009

Michelle Malkin went to Oberlin, Mark Levin went to Temple and Ann Coulter went to Dartmouth. These are all elite institutions, and all three of these individuals engage in endeavors that qualify them as "intellectuals" in the sense that their work involves "shaping public opinion." Why, then, are they at odds with, and scorned by, the people you think of as the "intellectual elite"? Chiefly because they do not look down at The Ordinary American, nor do they ever entertain the notion that their readers are morons incapable of thinking for themselves.

The greatest example of this respect for the grassroots, of course, is Rush Limbaugh. If you listen to Rush regularly, you know that sometimes he'll get a caller who'll say, "Rush, how can you say such-and-so? Everybody in the MSM is saying the opposite. The people will believe the MSM, not you!" And Limbaugh will calmly reply, "Look, you figured it out on your own. I figured it out. Don't you think that other people see the same thing and can figure it out for themselves? Give people some credit."

What makes Rush angry is the evident belief of so many Republican "leaders" that the American people can't handle the truth. Among these truths is that the economic agenda of today's Democrats is the exact same agenda that Hayek warned was being advanced by the intellectuals of 1949.

Begins with an "s," ends with an "m," and I don't mean "sarcasm." But don't say it out loud, or Rod Dreher will call you a "crackpot."


  1. Very good post. You've hit on something that I was thinking about recently and one of the things that I really believe is destroying our democracy.

  2. As a New York emigre/escapee, having met men and women from all over the South, Southwest and heartland courtesy of the service, let me tell you, in a crunch, I'd rather have some of those crackers, cowboys and trailer trash in my camp than any number of Dartmouth PhD's...

  3. I spent my formative years in Pulaski County, Kentucky steeped in the culture of the tri-city area-King Bee, Possum Trot and Monkey's Eyebrow. I came to know God in the Daniel Boone National Forrest and on the shores of Lake Cumberland. I was luckier than most, my Dad was a huge whale of a fish in an itty bitty little pond. My biggest advantage was that my parents never raised me to believe that I was, by virtual of pure luck, a member of the elite. Being a simpleton has it advantages; not the least of which is the ability to be open. Open = freedom and freedom is scary. Intellectuals, with all that they've been given, seem afraid of freedom in its truest and best form. No doubt, freedom is scary and hard, but, oh so very worth it.

  4. Good gracious, Stacy, you can write. Would you be mad if I said I didn't finish it. I got hungry about 3/4 ways through. But you certainly nailed it!

  5. I would't trust a PhD with government policy, since no one person or group of people can construct a policy which can take into account the multitude of variables which can ultimately confound such a policy. I would, however, choose a smart elitist over a perpetually jealous populist when it comes to innovation in the economy. Intelligence is normally distributed throughout a nation. It is those on the right end of the bell-curve who move this country forward, not those in the middle or those on the left end.

    This is a hard fact to accept because the perpetually jealous populist has been conditioned to believe that he or she is just as good as the snooty Ph.D New Englander. In terms of human worth, yes--the perpetually jealous populist is equal to the snooty Ph.D New Englander. In terms of intelligence and ability to innovate, not so much.

  6. The whole point comes into focus if you grasp that the "elite" comprise a priesthood/aristocracy, and they're pushing a new faith quite at odds with the egalitarian premise of the Constitution.
    The "what to do?" question boils down to organizational behavior: how do you trim deadwood at the top?

  7. Goodness, Mr. McCain, this is simply excellent. You opened my eyes wider when you mentioned why John Cornyn urinated all over the Republican grassroots. Thanks so much. Nice to know how appreciated we grassroots folks are by our betters in Washington/New York. I keep saying it's time they moved the capital to the middle of the country -- like Topeka. Make D.C. a tourist attraction like Williamsburg!

  8. RSM: Great article!

    "The Republican elite is ashamed of its constituents in a way that the Democratic elite is not. Therefore, Democrats fight ferociously for their agenda in a way that Republicans seldom do."

    Yes - your point can be expanded by noting that Democrats at all levels see their base as the fount of their power; The present Republican elite are, too, liberal statists and thus gaze low upon their Republican base as an obstacle.

    To put into context the quote you supply from Hayek, the problem with Republican elitism is that elitism is a fundamental component of statism, and must conflict with the relatively libertarian policy views of conservatives at Republican grass-roots.

    That is precisely how we ended-up with "the ideal moderate" leader such as John McCain being rejected by the Party base in the last election. Hell, McCain was even rejected by Republican elites such as Colin Powell. It ought to be plain that the Republican leadership can not and will not deliver a winning Conservative candidate unless individuals in the base force the decision.

    One first objective would be to close the Primaries.

  9. @Cody
    "It is those on the right end of the bell-curve who move this country forward, not those in the middle or those on the left end."

    You might want to do a little fact-check on that blind belief. The movers and shakers of the last 200 years were mostly farmers, businessmen, and hard-scientists.

  10. Excellent essay. Should be required reading. This explains why a friend of mine, from humble background, who got her B.A. from a public university and lives her live in a conservative manner, consistently votes Democrat. She wants to be a member of the elite; she wants to identify with the intellectuals. She wants to be liked by the cool kids.

    By the way, I'm Catholic -- and Shea and Dreher drive me nuts. They too suffer from the need to be liked by the cool kids.

  11. Excellent post, Other Mac. You've got these folks nailed.

  12. awesome, although I've never been to Georgia or some of the reddest areas of our great country, I've bristled at the impression that we should be embarrassed of our voters while acknowledging some sort of superiority in our foes.

    I don't think I've ever met an intellectual whose intelligence I actually respect. At best, I can see that these folks have been trained to hide behind argumentative obfuscations, but can never actually defend their ideas.

    Looks like I need to read me some Hayek.

  13. Excellent post : "What makes Rush angry is the evident belief of so many Republican "leaders" that the American people can't handle the truth".

    This is at the core of the problem, the GOP does not address its consitutancy with respect, they don't put up candidates who can navigate the elitist waters of Washington. While Obama is talking about the "inherent dignity of hard work" Republican's are hosting campy unfortunately named "Tea parties" good ideas require a strong delivery, this amazingly well written post is an example of that. There needs to be a see change in GOP leadership. Here is a great story about exactly what you are talking about: http://www.newsy.com/videos/gop_soul_search

  14. Bill Buckley once said he'd rather be governed by the first thousand names in the Boston phone book than the Harvard faculty. I'd rather be governed by Donny and Marie than the Washington establishment. -Guess Who?



    One P. Noonan

  15. Great post. I especially like the application of some of Machiavelli and Burnham's ideas to the liberal elite, one of my favorite methods of picking apart their lies.

  16. Just saw this today. What an honor to be quoted alongside Friedrich Hayek! :)